“School success is tied to systematic inequalities that persist from generation to generation.”
In her recent post Kathy Newman discusses the lengths to which schools go to improve students’ high-stakes test scores and reminds us that parents’ income is the best predictor of students’ performance on standardized tests. Nevertheless, when working-class public school students perform poorly on high-stakes tests we say to the teachers, “It’s your fault. Teach better!” What we get is teachers who teach worse: lessons become scripted and rote. And we say to students, “It’s your fault. Try harder!” What we get are students who become even more alienated and less motivated.
Of course, lurking behind the whole issue of high-stakes testing is our faith in the concept of the concept of meritocracy. Only when meritocracy is rigorously defined and the assumptions underlying it are stated explicitly, does it become problematic.
Meritocracy starts with the assumption that, by and large, all American children start kindergarten or first grade on a…
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